Язык — родник живого слова

Здравствуйте, уважаемые читатели нашего блога!

Темой нашей сегодняшней встречи станет сообщение о том, как возникла сама идея празднования Международного дня родного языка.

Международный день родного языка был провозглашен Генеральной конференцией ЮНЕСКО в ноябре 1999 года и отмечается с 2000 года ежегодно 21 февраля в целях поощрения языкового и культурного разнообразия и многоязычия.

Эта дата была выбрана в знак памяти событий 21 февраля 1952 года, когда в Дакке, столице нынешней Бангладеш, от пуль полицейских погибли студенты – участники демонстрации в защиту своего родного языка бенгали, который они требовали признать одним из государственных языков страны.

Родной язык – это выражение самосознания и связи поколений. Он тесно связан с историей этноса, обеспечивает его единство и становится залогом его оригинальности: он формирует неразрывную связь между его носителями и служит основой для народа. Языки содержат в себе совокупность приобретенных знаний.

Деятельность по распространению родного языка способствует не только лингвистическому разнообразию и многоязычию, но и более полному пониманию языковых и культурных традиций во всем мире.

Введя в международный календарь День родного языка, ЮНЕСКО призвала страны разрабатывать, поддерживать и активизировать мероприятия, нацеленные на уважение и защиту всех языков, особенно языков, находящихся на грани исчезновения.

Праздник отмечают люди, которые изучают и передают знания о языке: учителя литературы, языка, исследователи письменности, сотрудники библиотек, студенты, преподаватели и аспиранты филологических факультетов высших учебных заведений, увлеченные лингвистикой люди.

Цель праздника – содействие языковому и культурному разнообразию, защита исчезающих языков. Каждый год он посвящается определенной теме.

В этот день устраиваются просветительские лекции, конференции, семинары. Проходят акции по защите государственного языка. В штаб-квартире ЮНЕСКО в Париже и в ее филиалах устраиваются выставки и презентации, которые посвящаются языкам, организуются праздничные концерты. В образовательных учреждениях проходят тематические занятия. Проводятся конкурсы среди знатоков родного языка. В средствах массовой информации публикуются статьи о действующих и исчезающих языках.

Здесь будет очень уместно напомнить нашим читателям о выдающемся лексикографе и исследователе русского языка В. И. Дале.

Владимир Иванович Даль – автор 4-х томного словаря русского языка. Он упорядочил и классифицировал огромное количество слов русского языка. Итогом его работы и стал его знаменитый словарь, куда входили и литературные слова, и простонародные, и профессиональные термины.

Подробнее об этом человеке мы расскажем в ноябре 2021 года, когда исполнится 220 лет со дня его рождения, а сейчас предлагаем вам собрать онлайн-мозаику «Толковый словарь В. Даля»

Со всех шести сторон взгляни на мир,
Лишь слово – мира нашего основа.
Меж речью и произносящим речь
По сути нет различья никакого.

(Насими – азербайджанский поэт).

«В начале было слово…»

Слова в жизни людей сопровождают их практически всегда. Ведь они — незаменимый способ непосредственной передачи информации. Слова складываются в речь — удивительный инструмент мышления, индивидуальный для каждого, и язык — мощнейшее орудие, связанную, цельную систему, являющуюся результатом тысячелетнего развития.

Слово — это знак. Его определяют, как единицу языка, которая повсеместно используется в речи. Слово как средство общения выступает орудием устного контакта.

Развитие общества было и остается долгим и трудоёмким процессом, включающим огромное количество факторов. Общение — далеко не последний из них, потому как речевое взаимодействие является необходимым условием для существования социума и его прогресса. Оно обеспечивает передачу информации в окружающем мире, а благодаря этому возможно накопление знаний, их расширение, анализ, классификация, применение на практике и многое другое. В слова облекают мысли, которые порой содержат идеи, меняющие наш мир.

Те же пословицы, поговорки, загадки доказывают, что роль слова в жизни людей всегда высоко ценилась.

Пословицы

Слово не воробей: вылетит, так не поймаешь.

До слова крепись, а дав слово, держись!

Слово — на совет, а сила — на брань.

Поговорки

Не бросай слова на ветер.

По словам человека судят о его уме.

Одно тёплое слово и в жёсткий мороз согреет.

Загадки

С добром скажу – сладкое;

Со злом скажу – горькое.

Звуки друг друга нашли,
Встали рядом и смысл обрели.
Много их, аж кругом голова…
Собираются звуки в.

Крыльев нет,
А быстро летаю,
Сам меня выпустишь —
Да потом не изловишь.

Этот список можно продолжать и продолжать…  А я, в свою очередь, призываю вас почаще листать сборники пословиц и поговорок русского народа – это очень полезное и увлекательное занятие. Оно (это занятие) развивает устную и письменную речь, расширяет кругозор и, в конечном счёте, делает вас очень интересными собеседниками. Так что, дерзайте!

В заключение предлагаем вашему вниманию видеопрезентацию «Лишь слово — мира нашего основа»

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